Your risk of getting HIV or passing it to someone else depends on several things. However, being educated and getting tested are the first steps to empowering yourself.
Empower yourself and start making better choices for your health by doing the following:
Abstain from sex (do not have oral, anal, or vaginal sex) until you are in a relationship with only one person, are having sex with only each other, and each of you knows the other’s HIV status.
- If both you and your partner have HIV, use condoms to prevent other STDs and possible infection with a different strain of HIV
- If only one of you has HIV, use a latex condom and lubricant every time you have sex.
Even if you think you have low risk for HIV infection, get tested whenever you have a regular medical check-up. If you have, or plan to have, more than one sex partner, consider the following:
- Get tested for HIV
- If you are a woman who is planning to get pregnant or who is pregnant; get tested as soon as possible, before you have your baby
- Talk about HIV and other STDs with each partner before you have sex
- Learn as much as you can about each partner’s past behavior (sex and drug use) and consider the risks to your health before you have sex
- Ask your partners if they have recently been tested for HIV; encourage those who have not been tested to get tested
- Use a latex condom and lubricant every time you have sex
- If you think you may have been exposed to an STD such as: gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, or trichomoniasis, get treatment. These diseases can increase your risk of getting HIV.
- Do not inject illicit drugs (drugs not prescribed by your doctor). You can get HIV through needles, syringes, and other works if they are contaminated with the blood of someone who has HIV. Drugs also cloud your mind, which may result in riskier sex.
If you do inject drugs, do the following:
- Do not have sex when you are taking drugs or drinking alcohol because being high can make you more likely to take risks
- Use only clean needles, syringes, and other works
- Never share needles, syringes, or other works
- Be careful not to expose yourself to another person’s blood
- Get tested for HIV test at least once a year
- Consider getting counseling and treatment for your drug use